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    Definition: "Glitch"


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    Definition: "Glitch" Empty Definition: "Glitch"

    Post by Leader on Sat 5 Jun 2010 - 12:10

    A glitch is a usually short-lived fault in a system. The term is particularly common in the computing and electronics industries, and in circuit bending, as well as among players of video games, although it is applied to all types of systems including human organizations and nature. The term derives from the German glitschig, meaning 'slippery', possibly entering English through the Yiddish term glitsh. Normally, a glitch occurs once, but can also occur multiple times in a particular software.

    Electronics glitch

    An electronics glitch is an undesired transition that occurs before the signal settles to its intended value. In other words, glitch is an electrical pulse of short duration that is usually the result of a fault or design error, particularly in a digital circuit. For example, many electronic components such as flip-flops are triggered by a pulse that must not be shorter than a specified minimum duration, otherwise the component may malfunction. A pulse shorter than the specified minimum is called a glitch. A related concept is the runt pulse, a pulse whose amplitude is smaller than the minimum level specified for correct operation, and a spike, a short pulse similar to a glitch but often caused by ringing or crosstalk. A glitch can occur in the presence of race condition in a poorly designed digital logic circuit.

    Computer glitch

    A computer glitch is the failure of a system, usually containing a computing device, to complete its functions or to perform them properly. In public declarations, glitch is used to suggest a minor fault which will soon be rectified and is therefore a euphemism by comparison to bug, which is a factual statement that a programming fault is to blame for a system failure.

    It frequently refers to an error which is not detected at the time it occurs but shows up later in data errors or incorrect human decisions. While the fault is usually attributed to the computer hardware, this is often not the case since hardware failures rarely go undetected. Situations which are frequently called computer glitches are:
    Incorrectly written software (software bug)
    Incorrect instructions given by the operator (operator error) (this might also be considered a software bug)
    Undetected invalid input data (this might also be considered a software bug)
    Undetected communications errors
    Computer viruses
    Computer security cracking (sometimes erroneously called "hacking")
    Another human error unrelated to the computer

    An example of a computer glitch was in 2008 that brought down the primary patient application to 17 United States Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers in Northern California. The cause was from a simple change in management procedure that was not properly followed.[1]

    Canadian Oxford lists it as a 20th century word of unknown origin. Some reference books, including Random House's American Slang, say it comes from the German word glitschen ("to slip") and the Yiddish word gletshn ("to slide or skid"). Either way it is a relatively new term. So new, in fact, that on July 23, 1965, Time Magazine felt it necessary to define it in an article: "Glitches—a spaceman's word for irritating disturbances."

    Video game glitches
    See also: Software bug

    In video games, a glitch is a programming error which results in behavior not intended by the programmers. Glitches may include incorrectly displayed graphics, collision detection errors, game freezes/crashes, sound issues, and others. Some glitches are potentially dangerous to the game save data. [2]

    "Glitching" is the practice of a player exploiting faults in a video game's programming to achieve tasks normally impossible if the game's script runs as intended, such as running through walls or defying the game's laws of gravity. It is often used to gain an unfair advantage over other players in multiplayer video games.

    During quality assurance (such as the role of a game tester for video games), glitches must be located, a report compiled, and then fed back to the programmers.
    Popular Culture
    In the 1987 science fiction film RoboCop directed by Paul Verhoeven, ED-209, a state-of-the-art military robot, malfunctions during its presentation to the executive board of the fictional OCP (Omni Consumer Products). The result of such unexpected event is the brutal killing of a companies executive, who was invited to take part in the presentation as an assaultant, by robot`s firepower. Shortly after the incident, the executive (head of the ED-209 program) states to OCP chairman, who also witnessed the killing, that it happened due to a minor glitch -- in order to minimize the impact of profit losses as far as the ED-209 quality is concerned. Seizing his opportunity, junior executive Bob Morton (Miguel Ferrer) offers to the chairman an alternative -- his own RoboCop program to create an augmented cyborg.
    In the 1999 film The Matrix there's a "glitch in the Matrix", a sense of déjà vu that occurs when the enemy machines alter an aspect of the Matrix, a digital reality in which all the inhabitants believe that they are living in the real world. This is seen when the protagonist, Neo, sees a black cat walk by twice.


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